The UK has sold, auctioned off, or scrapped more than 1,000 pieces of military land equipment so far in 2022, including more than 150 tracked armoured vehicles formerly in service with the British Army, although their final destination remains unknown.

Included in the 14 November Hansard Written Response of platforms sold by the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), were the FV430 Bulldog (50), Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance – Tracked (CVRT) (102), MAN 6T Support Vehicle (147), Pinzgauer Truck Utility Medium – Heavy Duty (22), and 132 Land Rover vehicles across a range of variants.

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The MoD’s Defence Equipment and Sales Authority overseas the process of shedding itself of equipment no longer needed, raising money through the sales or scrapping equipment considered to be beyond use or repair. The UK’s Government Export Lisence process is followed for overseas sales, in accordance with the Official Journal of the European Union tender procedures.

An MoD spokesperson told Army Technology: “We routinely sell surplus service vehicles and we have a thorough process in place for commercial buyers.”

Vehicle type (UK MoD)Sale/auctionScrap
Land Rover light, medium, and ambulance1122
Land Rover Panama50
Land Rover Snatch150
Truck cargo 4T Bedford01
Truck cargo 4T Leyland Daf01
MAN support vehicle 6T1474
Mowag Duro truck utility heavy duty02
Pinzgauer truck utility medium (heavy duty)220
Quad bikes820
All-terrain vehicle trailers6719
Lightweight trailers2030
Miscellaneous trailers015
White fleet and miscellaneous vehicles292190
A breakdown of UK military land equipment sales and scrapping from 1 January – 14 November 2022. Credit: UK Parliament

However, determining the provenance of the buyers of the equipment is difficult to determine. Platforms such as the FV430, CVRT, and Pinzgauer are still used by the British Army and, as such, retain an operational relevance in the global defence market.

In total, Ukraine has been the beneficiary of almost 200 armoured vehicles from the UK including six CVRT Stormer variants fitted with the Starstreak anti-air missile, and more than 120 logistics support vehicles.

The unnamed nature of the exact specification of armoured vehicles means that it cannot be confirmed whether the UK has provided FV430 or CVRT vehicles to Kyiv, other than the six Stormer variants previously announced. Nevertheless, it can be noted that the quantities between armoured vehicles known to have been sold and platforms delivered to Ukraine are similar.

Confirmed equipment provision to Ukraine

In the latest round of UK military equipment provision to Ukraine on 23 November, it was revealed that an additional 10,000 round of artillery would be provided, as well as three inactive Sea King helicopters to provide search and rescue capabilities. Ukrainian personnel were provided with a six-week training package to learn how to operate the Sea King platform, an expansion of the land training being provided to the Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF) under Operation Interflex.

Days earlier UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak announced a £50m package of defence aid that included 125 anti-aircraft guns, as well as radar and anti-drone technology to counter the use of Iranian-supplied Shahed-136 loitering munitions by Russian forces.

Confirmed types of land equipment provided to Ukraine by the UK include the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System (six), M109 155mm self-propelled guns (20+), and L119 105mm artillery guns (36). In British Army service, the static L119 105mm light gun is towed by the Pinzgauer utility vehicle.

Smaller utility vehicles have also been provided to Ukraine, with a May announcement detailing the provision of 13 ‘armoured vehicles’ described as ‘highly specialised 4x4s’, for use in VIP transport and recovery operations.

Additional equipment includes cold weather gear for UAF personnel, thousands of anti-armour systems such as the Next-Generation Light Anti-Tank Weapon, and tens of thousands of artillery rounds for use in the L119 and M109 guns.