In the past few months, the focus of Spinner’s satellite communication portfolio was on different C band and Ku band rotary joints. Various models both for C band and Ku band were presented, which were specifically tailored to this purpose both in terms of technical features and costs.
Since SPINNER supplies both rectangular and circular waveguide rotary joints for the Ku band, it was only natural to offer the waveguide components that are usually located in between too. The BN 960802 presented in this issue is an Ortho Mode Transducer (OMT) for the Ku band, which is equipped with a band-stop filter for transmit frequencies at the receiver side.
Components of this kind are part of satellite communication systems and are used as polarisation duplexers that separate or combine transmit and receive signals. The common circular waveguide port with a standard diameter of 19.05mm (= 0.75in) is used as an antenna port, which carries both transmit and receive signals by means of two orthogonal H11 modes.
The transmit signal is fed to the axial R120/WR75 rectangular waveguide port and transformed into the appropriately polarised H11 mode inside the OMT with exceptionally low reflection and loss. The orthogonal waveguide port provides the receive signals and is arranged perpendicularly to this.
The monolithic design of the OMT produced on high-precision CNC machining centers is the basic requirement for the lowest possible mechanical tolerances resulting in excellent electrical parameters.The isolation between the rectangular waveguide ports achievable by polarisation discrimination, for example, is a quality feature which is essentially the result of production accuracy. Values of at least 40dB are ensured over the entire range of 10.75GHz to 14.50GHz (measured without band-stop filter); typical values in series production are between 50dB and 60dB.
In interaction with the band-stop filter, which is located at the orthogonal waveguide port for the receive signals and selectively rejects the frequency range between 13.75GHz and 14.5GHz, isolation values of 85dB in the transmit frequency range can be guaranteed (typical: >95dB).
The material used is, of course, the same seawater proof chromated aluminium alloy as used in Spinner rotary joints. The components are marked by means of abrasion-proof laser engraving. In order to avoid electro-chemical corrosion, all hardware parts and tuning elements are completely made of stainless steel or are properly galvanized to ensure the maximum service life of the components.
Unnecessary soldering and contact spots, which are exposed to the transmit signals are completely avoided; this way loss is reduced and the power rating consequently enhanced. It goes without saying that this design is also superior in terms of the lowest possible intermodulation.
Typically, there is an excellent broadband VSWR of typically 1.05 (1.10 guaranteed within a transmit frequency range between 13.75GHz and 14.5GHz) at the axial waveguide port, whereas the insertion loss towards the round waveguide door is only a few hundredths of a dB (guaranteed value: 0.10dB).
In the standard version, the band-stop filter at the receive path is adjusted to a stop band of 13.75GHz to 14.5GHz, which results in a VSWR value at the orthogonal waveguide port of below 1.20 in a range between 12.25GHz and 12.75GHz as well as below 1.25 between 10.75GHz and 12.25GHz. The attenuation of the receive signals is below 0.25dB and typically around 0.2dB.
Specific tunings of the band-stop filter as well as customer-specific circular waveguide flanges are possible on request.