The European Council has adopted a new roadmap for the implementation of the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) with an aim to strengthen defence cooperation among the 25 participating European Union (EU) member states.
PESCO enables the member states to jointly develop defence capabilities, invest in shared projects, and improve the operational readiness and contribution of their armed forces.
The roadmap offers strategic direction and guidance on the way to structure additional work on both processes and governance.
It also includes guidance for projects and sequencing of the fulfilment of commitments.
The PESCO roadmap sets out a calendar for the review and assessment process of the national implementation plans. It provide details about the different ways the interested member states intend to meet their commitments made to one another.
In addition, it offers a timeline for agreement on possible future projects and the main principles of a common set of governance rules for the projects.
The European Council has established the initial list of 17 collaborative projects, which were agreed in December and are expected to be adopted by the end of June.
Initial projects will be carried out in areas such as training, capability development, and operational readiness in the field of defence.
On 11 December, the European Council adopted the decision to set up the PESCO programme. It was initially joined by 23 EU member states, who signed a joint notification to launch the PESCO.
The 25 member states participating in the cooperation are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden.