Anders is a series of multirole, tracked combat vehicles being developed by the Bumar Group in Poland. It was designed by Ośrodek Badawczo-Rozwojowy Urządzeń Mechanicznych (OBRUM), the research and development centre of the Bumar Group. The vehicle is named after the Polish Army general Władysław Anders who served during World War II.
Anders was developed to replace the existing BMP-1 fighting vehicles in the Polish Army. The series production is expected to begin in 2015. The army is expected to replace its BMP fleet with about 700 Anders vehicles.
Design and development of the Anders began in 2008 and the first light tank prototype was completed in 2010. It passed the field tests conducted using RAUG CTG 120mm cannon fire shooting and technical features in October 2010.
OBRUM developed the vehicle in collaboration with Wojskowe Zakłady Mechaniczne and the Military University of Technology (WAT). The project was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.
Design of the Anders vehicle
The tracked armoured vehicle is designed with a unified chassis that allows it to be configured for different mission variants. It features an all-welded hull and turret. The entrance for infantrymen is provided to the vehicle’s rear.
The crew seats are located in the hull. The modular armour of the vehicle provides protection against 7.62mm guns. Add-on armour modules provide protection against 25mm projectiles.
The vehicle can be configured with interchangeable modules to perform different tasks. It can have six or seven load-bearing wheels based on the mission requirements in the tracked platform. The battle field management and intercom systems were provided by WB Electronics. The vehicle is transportable by air.
Anders serves as a multipurpose modular platform for the development of different mission variants. Planned variants include a reconnaissance vehicle, infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), armoured recovery vehicle (ARV), fire support vehicle (FSV) or light tank, engineering reconnaissance and support vehicle, anti-aircraft artillery vehicle, self-propelled 155mm howitzer, medical evacuation vehicle, rocket launcher and radar carrier.
The first Anders prototype, a fire support vehicle configuration (light tank variant), was unveiled in September 2010 at the MPSO defence industry exhibition in Kielce.
It can carry three crew members including a driver, commander and gunner, along with four soldiers. The armoured infantry fighting vehicle (AIFV) was unveiled at the MPSO 2011. It can carry three crew members and eight fully equipped troops.
Armament on the Anders Multirole Combat Vehicle
The FSV is equipped with RUAG 120mm smoothbore gun with an autoloader, UKM-2000C 7.62mm NATO standard coaxial machine gun and ZSMU-1276 KOBUZ remotely controlled weapon station.
The KTO Rosomak Hitfist-30P turret of the IFV variant is armed with a 30mm-50mm cannon, SPIKE anti-tank missile launcher, GROM anti-aircraft missile launcher and a 7.62mm co-axial machine gun.
The ARV is equipped with a 30t winch, 15t crane, dozer blade and KOBUZ remotely controlled weapon station.
In September 2011, the company unveiled the Anders multipurpose tracked vehicle mounted with Belgian CMI Defence CT-CV 105mm calibre cannon. It was earlier tested with 120mm and 30mm calibre canons.
Self-protection and armour
The vehicle is designed for protection against mine blasts and kinetic threats of more than STANAG 4569 level III.
It can be increased to level V with add-on armour modules. Anders also features StopFire-SF-01 fire suspension system, SSP-1 Obra 3 laser warning system provided by PCO and 10 81mm grenade launchers.
The vehicle is also protected by an integrated active defence system of Ukranian Zaslon and Rafael Advanced Defense System. URC Systems supplied its Star Light 3 remote controlled improved explosive device jammer.
Propulsion of Bumar Group’s combat vehicle
Anders is powered by a MTU 8v 199 turbocharged diesel engine generating 720hp (530kW) of power. A 120kW electric generator, situated between the engine and hydro-mechanical transmission, powers the onboard electronic systems.
The basic platform weight of the vehicle is about 20t and that of the light tank configuration is 33t. The power / weight ratio is 22hp/t. This gives Anders an on road speed of 72km/h. The vehicle can cross gradient of about 60%, trench crossing of 2.6m and vertical obstacles of 1m. It has a range of approximately 600km.
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