Patria AMV XP is a robust AMV developed by Patria. Credit: Patria.
The Patria AMV XP vehicle has a maximum speed of 10km/h in the water. Credit: Patria.
The Patria AMV XP armoured vehicle can be fitted with 120mm direct-fire cannon systems. Credit: Patria.
The Patria AMV XP vehicle can be operated in arctic conditions. Credit: Patria.
The vehicle is available in several variants, including IFV, command vehicle, ambulance, and reconnaissance vehicle. Credit: Patria.

Patria AMV XP is the latest version of the Patria 8×8 multi-role armoured modular vehicle (AMV) developed by Finnish firm Patria.

The vehicle aims to provide extra payload, performance and protection. It carries advanced mission equipment to provide enhanced operational capabilities in modern warfare.

Patria showcased an AMV XP vehicle integrated with Leonardo HITFACT I turret at the IDEX 2019 international defence exhibition held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, in February 2019.

Patria AMV XP design and features

Patria AMV XP features a modular design with stealth technology and low radar and thermal signatures.

The vehicle is 8.1m long, 2.8m wide and 2.4m high. The combat weight of the vehicle is 32,000kg while its payload capacity is 15,000kg.

The armoured vehicle features a generic vehicle architecture interface and digital vehicle data and control systems. It allows for networked interoperability between vehicles.

The electrical power generation of the vehicle supports the future requirements for C4I, battlefield management and situational awareness systems, and health and usage monitoring systems.

Armament and self-protection of AMV XP

AMV XP can be integrated with 120mm direct-fire cannon systems, medium-calibre weapon systems, Patria Nemo 120mm turreted mortar system, as well as anti-tank or anti-aircraft missile systems to provide superior firepower.

The vehicle can hold higher payloads, including all weapon systems, ammunition, and crew equipment based on mission needs.

The vehicle carries an improvised explosive device (IED) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) protective suits to protect soldiers against explosive devices and NBC substances.

It offers ballistic armour protection up to level K5+ and mine protection of STANAG level 4a/4b or above.

Engine and mobility

AMV XP is powered b ay inline six-cylinder engine, which generates 450kW of power and 2,250nm of torque. The drive system uses automatic transmission with seven forward and two reverse gears.

The driveline of the vehicle includes all-wheel drive systems, run-flat tyres, hydraulically operated disc brakes with an anti-lock braking system, and a central-tyre inflation system for low ground pressure.

The armoured vehicle uses power-assisted steering that is linked mechanically for the first and second axles.

It is fitted with an advanced fully independent hydro-pneumatic suspension system for enhanced off-road performance.

The vehicle’s mobility is further improved with the addition of an integrated terrain control system and optional rear-axle steering. The armoured vehicle can also perform amphibious operations. 

The AMV XP offers a road speed of more than 100km/h and can travel at a maximum speed of 10km/h in the water.

It is capable of operating even in the most challenging conditions, including hot deserts and arctic environments.

Orders and deliveries

Patria delivered a 30-tonne gross vehicle weight 8×8 AMV XP vehicle to Lithuania in December 2015. The vehicle features improved vehicle structure and meets the Lithuanian protection requirements, including ballistic protection, as well as mine and IED protection.

Patria was selected by Slovak and Finnish Defence Ministries for the development of a new prototype of AMV XP 8×8 infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) under the Bojovými Obrnenými Vozidlami (BOV) programme in December 2017.

The IFV development programme includes initial testing in Slovakia, followed by another testing phase in Finland. In March 2022, the Patria AMV XP was selected as the winner for the BOV programme.

Slovakia and Finland signed a government-to-government contract with Patria in August 2022 for the purchase of 76 armoured combat vehicles as part of the initiative, which includes ten ambulances, six command post vehicles, and 60 IFVs. In September 2023, Patria delivered the first ambulance variant of the Patria AMV XP to Slovakia. The deliveries are expected to be completed by 2027.

Konstrukta Defence is the prime contractor while EVPU is the weapon system supplier for the programme. Local companies CSM and Aliter Technologies are also involved.

In December 2020, the Patria AMV XP vehicles were shipped to Japan for testing purposes. The Patria AMV XP 8×8 vehicle was selected in December 2022 to replace the Japan Ground Self-Defence Force’s Type-96 8×8 armoured personnel carriers, as part of the Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier programme.

In August 2023, Patria and Japan Steel Works signed a license agreement for the production of AMV XP 8×8 vehicles in Japan, allowing the vehicle to be produced locally in accordance with the WAPC programme.

Patria AMV XP variants

Patria AMV XP’s modular design allows for the installation of various components suitable for different mission needs, without altering the basic vehicle systems.

The basic model serves as a platform for different variants including armoured personnel carrier, IFV, command vehicle, ambulance, reconnaissance vehicle, anti-tank guided missile vehicle, armoured repair and recovery vehicle, and 120mm Patria Nemo mortar system.

The high-roof version of Patria AMV XP offers more internal space in the rear compartment, increasing the vehicle’s height to 34cm, for command, C4I, ambulance or workshop vehicle configurations.

The heavy weapon platform variant is intended for carrying large-calibre weapon systems, including the 120mm AMOS mortar system or 105/120mm mobile cannons.