General Dynamics European Land Systems-Mowag
Entry into Service
6.75m (6×6) / 5.70m (4×4)
2.20m (6×6) / 2.16m (4×4)
2.67m / 3.15m (6×6) / 2.65m (4×4)
Angle of Approach
Angle of Departure
Number of Seats in Driver Cab
Gross vehicle Weight
13,500kg (6×6)<br />9,000kg (4×4)
Payload on Chassis
Baseline weight Chassis-Cab: 7,000kg (6×6)<br />Payload Chassis-Cab: 6,000kg (6×6), 4,200kg (4×4)
ISB 6.7 E3 230 common rail
Number of Cylinders
100km/h (high range), 55km/h (low range)
0.8m (without preparation)
17.9hp/t (6×6)<br />26.9hp/t (4×4)
Duro all-terrain tactical vehicle (ATV)
Duro is a high-mobility military tactical vehicle developed by General Dynamics European Land Systems-Mowag in Switzerland. The Duro (durable and robust) multipurpose vehicle was developed for the Swiss Army by Bucher-Guyer in 1994. Mowag, owned by General Dynamics, acquired the rights to the vehicle from Bucher-Guyer in 2002.
The Duro II and Duro III vehicles are available in 4×4 and 6×6 configurations. The vehicles are built with both protected armour and non-armour, with overall weights ranging from 7t to 25t. Duro IIIP 6×6 with armour protection is the latest version of the Duro family with a crew of 11 – a driver, commander, gunner and eight infantrymen. Mowag developed the armoured Duro in cooperation with Rheinmetall Landsysteme. About 4,000 Duro vehicles are operational in armies across the world.
Duro orders and deliveries
In 1994, Switzerland placed an initial order of 3,000 vehicles, and the 4×4 and 6×6 Duro vehicles were delivered in 1999 and 2001. In December 2008, the Swiss Army procured 220 Duro IIIP armoured personnel carriers (APC) and 12 additional Duro IIIP NBC laboratory vehicles. The laboratory equipment for the vehicles was supplied and integrated by Rheinmetall Landsysteme. The deliveries were concluded between 2010 and 2012.
In 2001, Venezuela ordered 358 4×4 and 6×6 Duro vehicles. Between 2002 and 2004, Germany ordered 16 Duro IIIP 6×6 vehicles and an additional ten bomb disposal vehicles are on order. In 2003, General Dynamics delivered six Duro II 6×6 vehicles to Ireland. Malaysia has been operating 61 Duro 4×4 and 6×6 vehicles since 2003. 83 Duro II 6×6 vehicles were delivered to the UK in 2004.
In November 2011, General Dynamics European Land Systems received a contract from the Swiss Army to supply 70 Duro APCs (GMTF). The procurement is part of the Swiss Armament Procurement Programme, sanctioned by the Swiss Parliament in 2010. Deliveries will commence in the fall of 2013.
Variations of the military tactical vehicle
The Mowag Duro all-terrain tactical vehicle is produced in 4×4 and 6×6 configurations and is used for a wide range of military purposes. The variants include Duro II and Duro III – 4×4 and 6×6 models – and the armoured Duro IIIP 6×6 vehicle with modular shelter.
Duro IIIP laboratory vehicles can be used for identification of radioactive materials, toxic industrial chemicals and other biological and chemical warfare agents. The vehicles will also be used for civilian applications, such as anti-terrorism assignments and disaster relief.
Modular ATV design
Duro is designed as a modular vehicle, enabling it to be modified to different configurations. Duro has a basic chassis-cab and a variety of superstructures which can be tailored to accommodate personnel or materials. The vehicle offers reliability for various missions, such as bomb disposal, communications mission, command and control, ambulance, troop carrier and logistics.
Optional equipment for the Duro 4×4 and 6×6 models includes an air conditioning and preheat unit, central tyre inflation system (CTIS), NBC overpressure system, winch and GPS.
Armament of the Duro (durable and robust) multipurpose vehicle
Duro can be equipped with various self-defence armament such as 7.62mm weapon stations, 12.7mm-calibre machine guns and 40mm grenade launchers.
Protection and propulsion of the Swiss high-mobility vehicle
The Duro IIIP 6×6 geschützte mannschaftstransportfahrzeuge (GMTF), or protected crew transport vehicle, is 6.9m long, 2.16m wide and 2.67m high.
It has an improved payload capacity over the unprotected Duro vehicles and can be used as ambulance, APC or other missions. The 1,800kg payload enhances crew protection with add-on armour kits to the entire vehicle rather than the cab.
The Duro IIIP provides protection against 7.62mm armour-piercing (AP), land mines, IED and ballistic protection.
The Duro IIIP is powered by a 245hp Cummins turbocharged six-cylinder diesel engine coupled with Allison five-speed automatic transmission and rigid De-Dion axle system.
Incorporating a patented anti-roll bar, permanent all-wheel drive and tyre pressure control system gives Duro a high on and off-road stability.
Mobility of the Duro
Duro has a maximum speed of 100km/h with lateral inclination of up to 30% and gradient of 60%. The vehicle has Torson self-locking differentials for the permanent all-wheel drive. Duro vehicles weighing less than 12t can be transported by C-130, C-160 and A400M cargo aircraft.
Global Armoured and Counter-IED Vehicles Market 2011-2021
This project forms part of our recent analysis and forecasts of the global armoured and counter-IED vehicles market available from our business information platform Strategic Defence Intelligence. For more information click here or contact us: EMEA: +44 20 7936 6783; Americas: +1 415 439 4914; Asia Pacific: +61 2 9947 9709 or via email.