The Iveco Massif is a heavy-duty four-wheel-drive vehicle manufactured by Italian firm Iveco, a subsidiary of motor company Fiat. It was produced in conjunction with the Spanish 4×4 producer Santana under an agreement signed by the two companies in May 2006.

The Massif is basically a rebadged and restyled version of the Santana PS-10 ‘Anibal’ 4×4 vehicle. Santana previously had a successful relationship with Land Rover from 1958 to 1985. The companies built ‘Spanish’ Land Rovers for the armed forces in Spain right up until 1983.

Massif heavy-duty 4×4 design and features

The new Iveco Massif has a lot of Land Rover characteristics (body styled by Giugiaro) but is a distinctly different vehicle with a chassis based on the Iveco Daily 4×4 van (which has been used for heavy duty military applications in the past). The vehicle is the first heavy duty 4×4 vehicle that Fiat / Iveco has produced since their highly successful Campagnola Jeep that was used by the Italian Army for many years.

The Iveco Massif was released for the UK market in 2009 and is available in Europe in left-hand drive long (five-door) and short (three-door) wheel-based versions with hard tops as well as a long wheelbase pick-up and chassis truck version. A van body version is currently in development. The Iveco vehicle can be offered to customers in a military specification if required and is fully air transportable like the Santana PS-10. All versions of the Massif have full metre-wide rear openings allowing a standard euro-pallet to be carried.

Massif engines and mobility

The engines for the Massif range include 146bhp / 258lb/ft (HPI) and 176bhp / 295lb/ft (HPT) versions of a previously developed and reliable 3l diesel (Euro IV-compatible), with a variable-geometry turbocharger, a six-speed manual transmission (ZF 6S400 overdrive six-speed

transmission) and also selectable rear-wheel / four-wheel drive with a low-ratio two-speed transfer box, based on the Santana 2500 unit. The Iveco Massif has parabolic leaf springs to give good handling and flexibility and can negotiate a 40% slope with ease in second-low just with the engine ticking over. The Massif has all-around disc brakes and a disc transmission handbrake.

A double ‘H’ hydraulic circuit with vacuum servo-assistance is used to actuate ventilated disc brakes on the front axle and also simple discs on the rear axle.

There is recirculating ball-type power steering equipped with a ZF pump and a reasonable turning circle of 6.5m. Beam drive axles are used both front and rear and have a common final drive ratio of 3.909:1.

The final drive gearing used on the front axle is of a helicoidal design whereas that on the rear axle is a hypoid gear set in order to provide improved ground clearance for the centrally mounted drive shaft. The Massif can also be supplied with a wide range of transmission and transfer box PTOs (Power Take-Offs) and easily accessible electric connections for bodywork.

The vehicle offers high-performance off-road capabilities with a gradeability of 100%. It has an approach angle of 50º, a ramp angle of 24º, and a departure angle of 30º. It has a fording capacity of 500mm, while the under-axle ground clearance is 200mm.