Projects

ASCOD (Pizarro / Ulan) Armoured Fighting Vehicle

The ASCOD (Austrian-Spanish Cooperative Development) family of fighting vehicles is marketed by ASCOD AIE with headquart

Crew
11 (3+8)
Overall Height
2,653mm
Height to Top of Hull
1,775mm
Main Gun Height
2,091mm
Overall Width
3,150mm
Overall Length
6,836mm
Length of Track on Ground
3,990mm
Combat Weight
25,200kg (basic protection level)
Main Armament
Mauser mk30 30mm x 173 automatic cannon with dual feeder
Coaxial Machine Gun
7.62mm
Smoke Discharger System
76mm, 4 x 3
Ready-to-Fire Ammunition 30mm
200 rounds
Ready-to-Fire Ammunition 7.62mm
700 rounds
Ready-to-Fire Smoke Grenades
12 grenades
Stowed 30mm Ammunition
Up to 205 rounds
Stowed 7.62mm Ammunition
Up to 2,200 rounds
Stowed Smoke Grenades
Up to 24 grenades
Maximum Road Speed
70km/h
Average Cruising Speed
50km/h on roads
Maximum Reverse Speed
35km/h
Acceleration 0 to 50km/h
Approximately 14 seconds
Cruising Range
500km on roads
Ratio Power : Combat Weight
175kW/t
Spec. Ground Pressure
62kPa
Mean Maximum Pressure
150kPa
Smallest Turning Diameter
7,900mm
Steering Ratio
1.67
Pizarro Engine
Diesel Engine MTU SV-183 TE22 8-V90,441kW (600hp) at 2,300rpm
Ulan Engine
MTU 8V 1999, 530kW at 2,300rpm
Transmission
Renk HSWL 106c hydro-mechanical transmission with integrated reversing and steering gear, automatic 6-gear transmission with lock-up clutch, hydrostatic superimposition steering gear and integrated brake system
Suspension
Torsion bar and trailing arm for each road wheel, rotary dampers for 1st and 6th road wheel
Track Type
End connector type with rubber-bushed track pins nad 2 replacable rubber paddings for each track shoe
Track Width
500mm
Track Pitch
152.4mm
Type
Digital FCS
Processed Ammunition Types
6 – 5 for 30mm ammunition, 1 for 7.62mm ammunition
Equipment
Periscop day sight with integrated episcope
Magnification of Day Sight
x8
Magnification of Integrated Episcope
x1
FOV Day Sight
9° circular
FOV Integrated Episcope
10° x 26°
Day Sight
x8
Thermal Imager
x2.8, x8.4
Observation Device
x1
Field of View (FOV) Day Sight
Narrow FOV Thermal Imager
1.1° x 2.2°
Wide FOV Thermal Imager
3.4° x 6.8°
Observation Device
23° x 36°
Type of Reticle
Computerised
Commander
6 episcopes
Gunner
2 episcopes
Control System
Electromechanical with backup
Stabilisation
2 axis
Elevation Range
-10° to +5-°
Traverse Range
360°
Maximum Vertical Velocity
0.7 radians a second
Minimum Vertical Velocity
0.3 radians a second
Maximum Traverse Velocity
0.8 radians a second
Minimum Traverse Velocity
0.3 radians a second
Voltage
24V DC
Generator
3-phase, 28V, 180A
Batteries
6 24V, 300Ah
Crew
4 (3+1)
Overall Height
3,030mm
Height to Chassis Roof
1,775mm
Height to Turret Roof
2,760mm
Overall Width
3,150mm
Overall Length Including Main Gun
7,630mm
Overall Length
6,161mm
Length of Track on Ground
3,990mm
Combat Weight
28,500kg
Maximum Road Speed
70km/h
Maximum Reverse Speed
33km/h
Acceleration 0 to 50km/h
16 seconds
Cruising Range
500km on roads
Ratio Power : Combat Weight
15.48kW/t
Spec. Ground Pressure
65.7kPa
Mean Maximum Pressure
158kPa
Time for Pivoting Through 360°
11 seconds
Angle of Approach
65°
Departure Angle
60°
Main Armament
105mm x 617 semi-automatic low-recoil tank gun
Coaxial Machine Gun
7.62mm
Smoke Discharger System
81mm, 2 x 4
Ready-to-Fire Ammunition 105mm
16 rounds
Ready-to-Fire Ammunition 7.62mm
2,800 rounds
Ready-to-Fire Smoke Grenades
8 grenades
Stowed 105mm Ammunition
24 rounds
Stowed 7.62mm Ammunition
1,800 rounds
Stowed Smoke Grenades
8 grenades
Magnification of Day Sight
x8
Magnification Observation Device
x1
Field of View (FOV) Day Sight
8° x 5.4°
Narrow FOV Thermal Imager
3.3° x 2.3°
Wide FOV Thermal Imager
8.3° x 5.7°
Observation Device
40° x 32°
Type of Reticle
Electronically synchronised, automatic offset implementation
Magnification of Day Sight
x10 narrow FOV, x3 wide FOV
Narrow FOV
5°l
Wide FOV
16°
Night Vision
Monitor of gunner's night vision
Control System
Electromechanical with backup
Stabilisation
2 axis
Elevation Range
-8° to +17°
Traverse Range
n x 360°
Maximum Vertical Velocity
300 radians a second
Minimum Vertical Velocity
0.25 radians a second
Maximum Traverse Velocity
550 radians a second
Minimum Traverse Velocity
0.25 radians a second
Diesel Engine
MTU SV-183 TE22 8-V90
Power Rating
441kW (600hp) at 2,300rpm
Transmission
Renk HSWL 106c hydro-mechanical transmission with integrated reversing and steering gear, automatic 6-gear transmission with lock-up clutch, hydrostatic superimposition steering gear and integrated brake system

ASCOD Pizarro Ulan infantry fighting vehicle

The ASCOD armoured fighting vehicle is named Pizarro in Spain and Ulan in Austria


The ASCOD (Austrian-Spanish Cooperative Development) family of fighting vehicles is marketed by ASCOD AIE with headquarters based in Madrid, Spain. ASCOD is a jointly owned company set up by Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG of Vienna, Austria and General Dynamics, Santa Barbara Sistemas (GDSBS) of Madrid, Spain. In November 2003, General Dynamics took over Steyr-Daimler-Puch; both companies now form General Dynamics European Land Systems (GDELS), along with MOWAG of Switzerland.

As well as the infantry fighting vehicle, the ASCOD family includes: LT 105 light tank, anti-aircraft missile carrier, anti-aircraft gun system, anti-tank guided missile carrier, mortar carrier, repair and recovery vehicle, logistics carrier, command and communication carrier, artillery observation post and ambulance.

ASCOD Pizarro / Ulan infantry fighting vehicle

The infantry fighting vehicle is in service with the Spanish Army where it is called the Pizarro and with the Austrian Army where it is known as the Ulan.

An initial 123 Pizarro infantry fighting vehicles and 23 command and communications vehicles were ordered in 1996 and delivered to the Spanish Army by the end of 2002.

A follow-on contract – for 106 IFVs, five command post vehicles, 28 forward observer vehicles, eight recovery vehicles and one combat engineer vehicle – was placed in January and signed in December 2003. An additional 80 vehicles was ordered in February 2008, to bring the total fleet to 374. Delivery of the second phase vehicles is planned for 2008–2013.

The second phase vehicles, Pizarro II, will have the same MTU Series 199 engine which was fitted on the Ulan, with a power output of 530kW.

112 Ulan vehicles were delivered to the Austrian Army between 2002–2005.

In June 2008, GDELS, in conjunction with KMW, announced Donar, a medium-weight 155 mm self-propelled artillery system based on the KMW PzH2000 artillery system integrated with the ASCOD 2 chassis. A prototype has begun mobility and firing trials in Germany.

Armament

Turret control is electro-mechanical and the turret is fitted with a turret drive stabilisation system from Curtiss-Wright Controls of Gastonia, North Carolina. The weapon system is stabilised in two axes, which allows the vehicle to engage targets stationary or on the move. Elevation is from -10° to +50° with a 360° traverse.

The vehicle’s main armament is a 30mm dual-feed, gas-operated Mauser mk30-2 automatic cannon with a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun. The 30mm gun has a rate of fire of 800 rounds a minute and can fire a range of ammunition including APFSDS rounds. The vehicle carries 200 rounds of 30mm and 700 rounds of 7.62mm ammunition ready to fire, and a store of up to 205 rounds of 30mm and up to 2,200 rounds of 7.62mm ammunition.

Self-protection

The hull and turret are constructed from all-welded steel armour, which provides protection against 14.5mm armour-piercing incendiary rounds over the forward 60° arc and all round protection against 7.62mm weapon attack.

“ASCOD can be fitted with laser warning system.”

Additional ballistic protection is available against up to 30mm APFDS (armour-piercing fin-stabilised discarding-sabot) rounds fired from a 1,000m range over the forward 60° arc, and all round protection against 14.5mm armour-piercing incendiary (API) rounds from a range of 500m.

Two sets of three smoke grenade launchers are installed on each side of the turret. ASCOD fighting vehicles can be fitted with laser warning system and NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical) detection system.

Fire control and observation

Spanish Pizarro vehicles are fitted with the mk10 fire control system from Indra (formerly Enosa), which provides shoot-on-the-move capability and 0.1 mil gun aiming. The mk10 has a full solution digital ballistic computer, day channel, thermal channel and laser rangefinder.

The first batch of 123 vehicles are fitted with the SVT-02 first-generation thermal imager. The mk10 has since been upgraded with a second-generation imager, the VC2, which will be fitted on subsequent vehicles. The VC2 thermal imager is based on a 240×4 detector array and operates in the 7.5 to 10.5 micron spectral band. It has wide field of view of 12.3°×7.7° and narrow FOV of 4.1°×2.6° (azimuth × elevation).

In November 2004, Indra was awarded a contract for upgrading the fire control system on the Pizarro. The programme includes upgrades to the stabilisation and aiming system and next-generation thermal imager.

Austrian Ulan vehicles are equipped with the Kollsman day / night range sight (DNRS) which has a digital computer, day channel and thermal imaging sight with an integrated laser rangefinder. The 8 to 12 micron thermal imager is dual field of view and has magnifications of ×2.8 and ×8.4. An automatic target tracker inputs targeting data to the line-of-sight servo system and into the turret drive.

The commander has a periscopic day sight, a television monitor displaying the image from the gunner’s thermal sight and six unity vision periscopes.

“The first batch of 123 vehicles are fitted with the SVT-02 first-generation thermal imager.”

Propulsion

The ASCOD is fitted with an MTU 8V-183-TE22 8-V90 diesel engine, rated 600hp, and a Renk HSWL 106C hydro-mechanical transmission, and torsion bar suspension.

MTU has developed a new more powerful engine (530kW at 2,300rpm), the 8V 199, which will be fitted to Ulan vehicles.

LT 105 light tank

The LT 105 light tank has been selected by the Royal Thai Marine Corps which requires 15 tanks, plus one command and one recovery vehicle. It is fitted with a three-man turret such as the 105 low-recoil force turret by Oto Melara, General Dynamics low-profile turret or the LIW turret. The tanks for Thailand will have the LIW turret. Main armament is a 105mm semi-automatic low recoil tank gun with a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.

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