India’s state-owned Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) is set to begin bulk production of the Indian Army’s long-range artillery gun, Dhanush.
The development follows after the organisation received clearance from the Indian Army and the Ministry of Defence (MoD) to go ahead with the manufacture of 114 indigenous Dhanush systems.
Dhanush is a 155mm × 45mm calibre artillery gun that features inertial navigation-based sighting system, auto-laying facility, on-board ballistic computation and an advanced day and night direct firing system.
The gun can fire standard Nato 155mm ammunition and can accommodate both boll bags and the bi-modular charge system (BMCS).
It can be easily deployed in mountainous terrains and is compatible with different types of ammo. The system has been mechanically and electronically upgraded to increase range, firing accuracies and laying speeds.
Developed under the ‘Make in India’ initiative, Dhanush has also received support from the Indian Army, the Defence Research and Development Organisation, the Directorate General of Quality Assurance, and defence public sector undertakings such as Bharat Electronics Limited, as well as public sector undertakings such as SAIL and many private companies.
According to the Indian MoD, the gun was put through several rigorous evaluation phases to test its performance.
In a statement, the Indian MoD said: “The guns travelled extensively in a towed and self-propelled mode in all terrains viz desert and high altitude with each gun clocking over 1,600km. Such an extensive exercise was carried out by the user for the first time for any gun system under the process of induction.”
The system has been designed based on the Swedish Bofors 155mm × 39mm calibre gun. The Transfer of Technology (ToT) documents were provided to OFB, which successfully converted the vision parameters to 155mm × 45mm calibre.
The Dhanush project was launched in 2011 and the first prototype was manufactured in 2014. It will be produced at OFB’s Jabalpur Gun Carriage Factory in India.