The Russian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has commenced the construction of a new Voronezh-class advanced early missile warning radar in the central region, in a bid to enhance the country's missile defence systems.
Russian MoD spokesman colonel Alexey Zolotukhin was quoted by RIA Novosti as saying that the radar will be built near the town of Orsk in the Orenburg region, as part of the comprehensive missile early warning network that is scheduled to be completed by 2020.
''In addition to the Orenburg radar, the preparations for construction of new-generation radars are underway in the Krasnoyarsk and the Altai territories,'' Zolotukhin said.
A new assembly technology is being used for the purpose, which enables the radar construction from standard container-type macro-modules at the place of deployment, thereby reducing its deployment period to 12 to 18 months from the previous five to nine-year period, according to Zolotukhin.
Four Voronezh-class radar stations, built using the same high factory-readiness technology, already serve as part of the Russian missile early warning network.
Of four radars, two Voronezh-DM radars are on combat duty in the Krasnodar territory and Leningrad region, while the remaining two units in the Kaliningrad and Irkutsk regions are currently under the testing stage of operation, according to the news agency.
With an operational range of 6,000km, the new generation Voronezh DM class radars are capable of monitoring ballistic and cruise missile launches from the North Atlantic region, as well as the proposed US-led Nato anti-missile defence (AMD) shield.
Available in three types, including Voronezh-M, Voronezh-DM and Voronezh-VP, the radar is capable of quickly redeploying to a new site, and needs a smaller crew for operation compared to previous generation stations.
Image: the Voronezh-DM early warning radar in Kaliningrad, Russia. Photo: courtesy of Presidential Press and Information Office.