The move is believed to be in response to security challenges facing the European country, including emerging threats from Russia’s growing military power.
The strategy provides new military objectives and requirements for the armed forces.
Lithuanian Minister of National Defence Juozas Olekas said: "The military strategy of 2012 was no longer relevant in terms of security issues and the consequent new tasks for the Lithuanian Armed Forces.
"As the experiences of Georgia and Ukraine show, the Lithuanian Armed Forces have to be ready to respond promptly either individually or together with the allies, to both conventional and non-conventional threats."
The new strategy emphasises the military’s capacity to implement peacetime operations in response to local armed incidents and illegal immigration.
It is the Lithuania’s fourth military strategy since the re-establishment of independence, and aims to secure the nation permanent membership in NATO.
The strategy will also provide assistance to security sector reforms and development of local defence capabilities.
The armed forces will be required to develop a structure for rapidly moving personnel from peace to war zones, maintaining high-readiness units, and swiftly responding to threats.
In addition, the strategy calls for readiness in cooperating with civilian institutions, the provision of host nation support, and the development of cyber defence for command and control structures.
Image: The nation’s fourth military strategy since the re-establishment of independence aims at securing permanent membership in Nato. Photo: Courtesy of Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania.