The Chinese Central Military Commission (CMC) has released a new guideline on deepening national defence and military reform.
According to state-owned news agency Xinhua, the defence guideline proposes a restructure of the overall administration of the People's Liberation Army, the Chinese People's Armed Police, the militia and reserve forces, and battle zone commands.
The move is part of a bid to modernise the country's military by breaking down systematic, structural and policy barriers.
The reforms are aimed to enhance the military administration, joint operational command, military structure, policy system and civilian-military integration, and building a modern military with Chinese characteristics.
In addition, the reforms focus on improving combat preparedness and the development of various military services.
The guideline for 2016 will see military cuts from 2.3 million to 2 million improved combatant personnel, and the reform of military academies and armed police forces. This will involve phasing out outdated armaments, developing new weapons systems, and reducing the size of the militia.
In a separate development, China announced the formation of three new units, namely the general command for the Army, a missile force, and the Strategic Support Force.
The Strategic Support Force is a combat force that will maintain national security and improve the combat capabilities of the Chinese Army.