Nato has welcomed four allied countries as participants of two ongoing multinational munition projects in land and air domains.

The projects are Land Battle Decisive Munitions (LBDM) and Air-to-Ground Precision Guided Munition (A2G-PGM). They are intended to make munition acquisition and warehousing simpler and cheaper.

The latest entrants to the LBDM project are Croatia and the UK. Prior to the joining of the two new participants, the project had 16 allies and three partner nations.

The LBDM initiative is designed to establish a cooperation framework for acquisition and management of munitions in the land domain.

It involves aggregating demand in a bid to reduce acquisition cost and aims to enhance the ability of participating nations to share their individual munition stockpiles.

Under the initiative, Denmark, France and the Netherlands received the first shipment of anti-tank weapons in January.

Italy and Slovakia have joined the second project, the A2G-PGM initiative, which has 11 allies and one partner nation.

Nato noted that the expansion of the A2G-PGM project will widen the scope to include all air-launched guided munition.

Participating countries in the project received the first deliveries of munitions in August last year.

The initiative has helped lower the per unit acquisition cost by around 15-20%.

In addition, the A2G-PGM project enabled the transfer of munitions between participants within days, which would have taken months prior to the project.

The approach involved the implementation of a new process to mitigate technical and legal hurdles for the transfer.

Both projects are operating under the leadership of Belgium.

Nato Deputy Secretary General Rose Gottemoeller applauded the LBDM and A2G-PGM initiatives for ‘providing an effective framework for munitions acquisition and bringing their participants, as well as the entire Alliance, the benefit of increased interoperability and lower costs’.

Nato Defence Ministers met in Brussels to discuss key security challenges, including Russia’s violation of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.