Nato’s Science and Technology Organization (STO), a forum that provides advice and scientific solutions to the military alliance, has conducted a study on the integration of women into ground combat units.

The move comes after several Nato members and other partner countries have started inducting women in close combat units.

The report identified the influence of social, cultural and psychological factors that impact gender integration in military organisations particularly in ground close combat units.

It also identified effective strategies and processes to assess the integration of women, as well as its impact on combat effectiveness.

The recommendations, along with empirical evidence, will be shared to support defence research programmes within participating nations. STO will also publish a compendium report on the role of women in the military.

“Nato recognises the vital roles women play in peace and security, and the importance of incorporating gender perspectives in all that the alliance does,” a statement said.

Nato is an intergovernmental military alliance comprising 30 countries that are committed to the principle of collective defence. It also works with several non-member countries on a range of political and security related issues.

Last month, Nato completed a multi-year project to improve Mongolia’s cyber defence capabilities.

Overall, the project involved establishing a cybersecurity centre for the Mongolian Armed Forces as well as providing specialised training and equipment.

Last year, Nato Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg rejected a UN treaty that calls for a ban on nuclear weapons.