India-China border clash dispute timeline – 19 October

19 October 2020 (Last Updated October 19th, 2020 17:44)

After the easing of the recent face-off in Galwan Valley, the border confrontation between the armies of India and China has been escalating once again in the recent days. Follow the latest updates on the India China border dispute here.

India-China border clash dispute timeline – 19 October
Credit: Antônio Milena

After the easing of the recent face-off in Galwan Valley, the border confrontation between the armies of India and China has been escalating once again in the recent days. Follow the latest updates on the India China border dispute here.

19 October

A PLA soldier, named  Wang Ya Long, has been apprehended by Indian security forces in the Chumar-Demchok area of Ladakh. According to the Indian Army, he might have inadvertently strayed into the Indian area, He will be returned to the PLA as per protocol after after due procedure.

India and China are expected to hold the eighth round of military-diplomatic talks next week on disengagement of troops in Ladakh.

18 October

India has purchased a batch of high-altitude warfare kits on the urgent basis from the US as it prepares for a long haul through the winters in the LAC.

14 October

PLA and Indian Army said that the talks at the corps commander level was “positive and constructive”, and both have agreed to not turn differences into conflict.

12 October

India and China held the seventh round of military talks to finalise a roadmap for disengagement of troops in Ladakh.

23 September

China and India have agreed to stop sending more troops along the contested border.

21 September

Senior military commanders of India and China held 12-hour talks to resolve a months-long standoff. The talks happened on the Chinese side in Moldo. Details of the talks have not been revealed yet.

11 September

India and China have agreed to ease ongoing tensions at the border and accelerate the disengagement of troops. The move comes following a diplomatic meeting between Indian Foreign Minister S Jaishankar and Chinese State Councillor Wang Yi at Moscow.

10 September

Commander-level talks along the LAC were held between the Indian Army and PLA in wake of escalation of tension at the border.

Indian Army reportedly has occupied many dominating heights close to China’s current positions at Finger 4, north bank of Pangong lake.

9 September

The Indian Army has reportedly bolstered its position at many key points in the Chushul area. The army laid barbed wire around the peak that it occupied to prevent PLA from approaching.

The five men of the Tagin tribe, who work as porters for the Indian Army, went missing on 2 September from Sera-7 on the Indian side of the McMohan Line that separates the Indian state Arunachal Pradesh from the Tibet autonomous region (TAR) of China. PLA confirmed that the missing men have been found.

The Indian Army is training several native dogs of Ladakh for several operational roles as the tense situation along the LAC escalates.

8 September

The Indian Army has said that the PLA troops fired shots at its soldiers on 7 September while trying to close in on a forward position held by it along the LAC on the southern bank of Pangong Tso in Ladakh.

However, PLA spokesperson Colonel Zhang Shuili was reported to have said: “Indian army illegally crossed the line and entered Bangong Hunan, the western section of the Sino-Indian border. During the operation, the Indian Army blatantly fired threats to the patrol personnel of the Chinese border guards who had made representations, and the Chinese border guards were forced to take countermeasures to stabilise the situation on the ground.”

The shots were fired for the first time in 45 years.

6 September

Construction of the Nimmu-Padam-Darcha (NPD) strategic road in Ladakh is almost complete and will opened soon for the movement of Indian Army troops. This road will link Manali to Leh and is claimed to be undetectable by neighbouring countries as it is away from border.

4 September

India and Russia are set to finalise a deal for AK-47 203 rifles, which will replace the Indian Small Arms System (INSAS) 5.56mm × 45mm assault rifle.

3 September

A brigadier-level meeting is being conducted between the Indian and Chinese Army at Chushul in eastern part of Ladakh, reported ANI citing Indian Army sources.

Indian Army has bolstered its positions, from east Ladakh to Arunachal and is reportedly monitoring the PLA build-up at Depsang-DBO.

2 September

The Indian Army dismissed reports that claimed the Chinese Army made an ‘infiltration attempt’ along LAC in Ladakh’s Chumar area. The Indian Army clarified that it was regular peacetime activities undertaken by the Chinese Army along the LAC and therefore, “the same cannot be inferred as an intrusion attempt”.

1 September

India has thwarted a Chinese incursion bid after the latter tried to occupy a disputed hill near Pangong Tso lake, reported media sources. The incident triggered fresh tensions between the two sides as India and China continue to be engaged in a standoff in Ladakh region.

According to the Indian media reports, China made three bids to change the status quo along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in as many days.

However, the allegation was vehemently denied by the China’s Foreign Ministry. A Chinese military spokesperson claimed that the Indian side crossed the border and demanded immediate withdrawal.

This comes at a time when India signed contracts to procure Pinaka missiles for the army. The six Pinaka regiments will be operationalised along the northern and eastern borders of the country.

9 July

The Indian Army imposed a ban on 89 apps for its personnel due to security concerns. Among the apps banned include Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, Hungama, Songs.pk, Tinder, TrulyMadly, and more. This decision was reportedly taken to stop leakage of information.

7 July

China has withdrawn its troops by 2 km in the disputed Hot Springs and Galwan area of Ladakh.  It has also begun pulling back in Gogra near Hot Springs. India has also withdrawn an equal distance in all these areas. Buffer zones are being created in these areas.

6 July

Amid tensions, IAF is conducting night time operations in eastern part of Ladakh.

Indian Army will place emergency orders for tents that can resist extreme cold weather on LAC.

IANS reported that around 30,000 Indian Army troops are in an direct confrontation with troops of China in Ladakh, along the LAC.

The disengagement of troops of China and India is reported to have begun following intensive diplomatic, miliatry talks.

3 July

Amid a border dispute with China, India has deployed its Special Forces units in Ladakh along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

India’s Ministry of Defence signed for the acquisition of 33 Russian fighter jets and upgrades to 59 others worth $2.4bn to boost the Air Force’s combat capabilities.

30 June

Indian and Chinese military officials met in Chushul of Leh district, but the meet of around 12 hours ended on an inconclusive note.

29 June

The Indian Air Force will receive battle ready six Rafale fighter jets with more than 150km strike range Meteor missiles by the end of July as tensions between India and China are escalating, reported India Today, citing Indian government sources.

28 June

The Indian and Japanese navies conducted an exercise in the Indian Ocean on Saturday amidst ongoing India-China border tensions in Ladakh.

China reinforced its troops near the border with India with martial arts fighters and mountain climbers just before a clash with the Indian troops earlier this month, according to Chinese state media.

26 June

The strategic ‘Y Nalla’ near the Shyok-Galwan axis has become the new frontier for Indian and Chinese troops after the construction of a new post and infrastructure in Galwan Valley is believed to have cut-off the traditional access to Patrol Point-14 on LAC.

25 June

According to Indian media reports, China has brought back the tent-like structure which Indian troops had dismantled on 15 June in the Galwan Valley, escalating tensions between the two countries.

Reuters reported that satellite images dated 22 June from space technology company Maxar indicate that the tend-like structures that seem to have been built by China in the valley were not visible in aerial images earlier in June. Both India and China did not comment.

23 June

India and China agreed to disengage troops and withdraw their military equipment from the LAC.

Indian Army Chief during his two-day visit to Ladakh today,  will discuss stand-off with ground commanders and also visit forward locations.

22 June

At military level talks, China is believed to have confirmed that its commanding officer was killed in the Ladakh clash, several Indian media outlets reported, citing sources.

The talks between Indian Army’s 14 Corps Commander Lt Gen Harinder Singh and his Chinese counterpart were completed after around 11 hours, according to the sources.

21 June

As per the latest India-China border news, the Indian Army changed its rules of engagement on the LAC by enabling its field commanders to order troops to use firearms under “extraordinary” conditions.

The Government of India has granted emergency financial powers of up to Rs5bn per procurement project to the three defences services to acquire weapons given the growing tensions at India LAC with China, according to Indian media reports.

20 June

Wion reported that Russia is ready to provide MIG29 and Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jets to the Indian Air Force in shortest possible time period.

19 June

– India and China are scheduled to hold a fresh round of Major General-level talks in the Galwan Valley region of Ladakh.

– Media reports earlier in the day stated that ten captured Indian soldiers were released by China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA). However, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian clarified that “China hasn’t seized any Indian personnel.” The Indian Army stated: “It is clarified that there are no Indian troops missing in action.”

– India and China have kept their diplomatic and military channels open for communication.

18 June

– Indian External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi “agreed that the overall situation would be handled in a responsible manner, and both sides would implement disengagement understanding of 6 June sincerely.”

– Following the latest deadly India-China border dispute, the US, UK and Russia urged China and India to engage in dialogue and show restraint.

17 June

– As per the India-China latest news reports, a new round of talks at Major General-level ended inconclusively.

16 June

– Tensions have been high after the India-China border clash at LAC that killed 20 Indian soldiers. China did not disclose any casualties in the Galwan clash.

15 June

– The Indian Army reported the death of one officer and two soldiers in the Sino-Indian border dispute in the Galwan Valley late at night. Although neither the Chinese government nor the PLA disclosed any numbers, the Indian Army said there were casualties on “both the sides” following the China-India border dispute.

– A meeting was held at Major General-level of both the armies until late in the evening. The meeting is claimed to have brought the situation on the ground under control. According to media reports, the Indian Army could collect the bodies of its soldiers, while the Chinese were allowed to take their injured soldiers in helicopters.

10 June

– Officials of the two countries stated that their soldiers had started implementing ‘consensus’ agreed by their military officials on 6 June to ease tensions along the border.

9 June

– Indian officials stated that Indian and Chinese troops had taken up a limited disengagement in few areas of Ladakh.

6 June  

– Indian and Chinese officials agreed to adhere to the decisions taken in the Wuhan summit in 2018 to ensure peace along the border.

– India’s Leh-based 14 Corps general commanding officer Lt General Harinder Singh and Tibet Military District Commander Maj Gen Liu Lin held a meeting following a stand-off between China and India since 5 May after a confrontation in Pangong Tso.