The New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) between the US and Russia controls the number of strategic missile launchers both nations can maintain. It will expire in February 2021 unless both parties choose to extend it for a further five years. If the treaty expires, the world’s largest nuclear arsenals will be unlimited and undisclosed for the first time since the end of the Cold War. The US Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has set out the US’s possible responses.
The Covid-19 coronavirus pandemic has caused world economies to stagnate and many countries’ gross domestic product (GDP) to crash. As nations come to terms with the repercussions of the outbreak, priorities will likely shift and defence budgets suffer. Army Technology spoke to International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) Senior Fellow for Defence Economics Fenella McGerty about the outlook for the top five countries with the highest defence spend in 2019.