Nissan Patrol 4x4 SUV, Japan
The Nissan Patrol 4x4 SUV.
The Nissan Patrol is a four-wheel drive SUV that has been in production since 1951 (first manufactured for military use). The vehicle is a direct competitor of the Toyota Land Cruiser and over the lifetime of the model has had a modest amount of military use as a light support vehicle, light reconnaissance and patrol vehicle and staff car.
The Patrol is available across the world from Australia to South America and from Europe to the Middle East and it is well supported. The vehicle has three basic variants with the two-door (SWB version 2,200mm), four-door wagon (LWB 2,970mm) and also the utility / cab chassis variation.
The Y60 (GQ) version of the vehicle is currently still in production as a military vehicle across the Middle East and Asia (in the US this version is sold as the Maverick by Ford). The United Nations (UN) is also a good customer with several versions of the Nissan Patrol in use as a convoy and support vehicle.
Nissan Patrol military use
Not every military operation requires a vehicle with high-strength armour which increases its weight significantly; some are more suited to a lighter more manoeuvrable vehicle.
The Icelandic expeditionary force which is employed on a peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan uses heavily modified Nissan Patrols for mobile observation missions in the mountains of Northern Afghanistan. The Irish Army (Republic of Ireland) also use the Nissan Patrol as their main utility vehicle (the 260 series replaced the Land Rover Defender 90 and 110 in the early 1990s).
The Nissans are all fitted with radios and are used for various duties including escort vehicles, towing close support weapons and convoy duties.
The new GRTD6 model is now in service with the Irish Army but 260s are still used as well for training in off-road driving. The Indian Army used to manufacture its own version of the Patrol under license but this has now been replaced by the Mahindra jeep.
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4x4 patrol vehicle
The vehicle is an ideal patrol vehicle in the same way as many others of its ilk. It is available in petrol (six cylinder, 2l–3.5l), diesel and turbo diesel engines (2.8l). The vehicle can seat seven including the driver but more usually in the military version one seat has to be sacrificed for the radio equipment.
In 2008 Nissan produced a new model, the ZD30 CRDi, using the ZD30 popular turbo diesel engine and this has been modified to common rail.