Fly Eye Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Poland
Fly Eye is a mini unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) designed and built by WB Electronics to provide advanced aerial reconnaissance capabilities to military and special operations forces.
The UAV can be deployed to determine target coordinates for artillery operations. Identification, escorting, target acquisition and monitoring of natural disasters and forest fires are also other uses, as is surveillance of battlefield and national borders.
The Polish Army placed a contract with WB Electronics for the supply of 12 Fly Eye unmanned aerial systems for air reconnaissance and destruction operations in February 2013.
An exhibit was held to showcase the UAV at the International Trade Fair INTERPOLITEX 2013 held in Moscow, Russia. The vehicle was also demonstrated to the Polish Special Forces unit AGAT in February 2014.
Fly Eye UAV design and features
Bayraktar is a mini UAV designed for short range reconnaissance and surveillance missions.
The Fly Eye UAV features compact airframe made of composite materials. Its modular structure can be easily assembled or disassembled and it has fully autonomous takeoff and landing capability. The vehicle can be deployed within ten minutes and can execute missions in very confined areas.
The man-portable drone has a length of 1.9m, wing span of 3.6m, and a maximum take-off weight of 11kg. It can carry a maximum payload of 4kg and is carried itself in two backpacks.
Two people are required to operate the drone, which is hand-launched and can be recovered using a parachute. The flight route can be pre-programmed by the operator and can be modified during the flight.
A training simulator is used as part of the unmanned air system which educates the crew in mission planning, managing system parameters and executing mission with simulation of flight environment. The simulator also ensures the team to mimic surveillance payload control and observation of objects.
Anti-spin is installed in the UAV, as is anti-icing systems for improved flight safety. The vehicle can also be integrated with a SKO-M Mortar Fire Control System and a TOPAZ Automated Fire Control System to provide fire reconnaissance for artillery operations.
The UAV's communication system operates in harmonised NATO military frequency bands ranging between 4.4GHz and 5.0GHz. Meanwhile the drone can be automatically retracted to the position of last radio contact or landed in a pre-defined point, in the event of communication loss.
Payloads aboard the Fly Eye UAV
The Fly Eye UAV is fitted with surveillance payload under the fuselage. This payload includes two cameras to capture video imagery in real time and provides improved observation range for the UAV.
The drone is attached with a computer hard drive to record telemetric data. This includes data transmission speed, time, flight altitude and coordinates of current image, amongst other information during the flight. Reutech Communications is responsible for developing the communication systems on board the UAV.
Fly Eye UAV ground control station
Two ergonomic light ground control stations control the Fly Eye UAV. A mobile transceiver station is installed to facilitate communication between the vehicle and the ground control stations. It does this by transmitting video streaming generated by the air system in real-time.
A portable and compact remote video terminal (RVT) is also incorporated to receive imagery and video from the UAV. Furthermore, a digital link can be used to transmit/receive flight control missions and telemetric data.
Engine and performance
Power for the UAV is provided by an electric engine which uses lithium-polymer batteries. This engine has a speed ranging from 50km/h to 170km/h and can operate at an altitude of 1,000m above take-off point. Its maximum altitude above the mean sea level is 4,000m.
The UAV can carry out missions for up to three hours, based on the weather conditions. It operates in temperatures varying between -20°C and +50°C and can withstand wind speed of up to 12m/s and humidity of 95% / 50°C. Meanwhile, the drone has an estimated standard life span of 300 missions.
The Global Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Market 2011-2021
This project forms part of our recent analysis and forecasts of the global Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) market available from our business information platform Strategic Defence Intelligence. For more information click here or contact us: EMEA: +44 20 7936 6783; Americas: +1 415 439 4914; Asia Pacific: +61 2 9947 9709 or via email.