UN strengthens measures against North Korea's nuclear and ballistic missile activities


The UN Security Council has voted to toughen sanctions against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) in response to the Asian country's nuclear test conducted in September.

The unanimously adopted resolution 2321 places a cap on the amount of coal DPRK can export every year.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon described the resolution as 'the toughest and most comprehensive sanctions regime ever against that country'.

According to the resolution, North Korea cannot export more than 7.5 million metric tonnes of coal to all member states annually and its sales should not exceed $400m, beginning 1 January 2017.

The resolution also requires each member state that procures coal from the country to report the aggregate amount procured monthly.

It bans North Korea from conducting nuclear tests and using ballistic missile technology.

The council also prohibited Pyongyang from exporting copper, nickel, silver and zinc, new helicopters and vessels, as well as statues.

Ban Ki-moon further added: “The time taken to reach agreement on this resolution vividly illustrates the complex nature of the challenge.

"We must assume that, with each test or launch, DPRK continues to make technological advances in its pursuit of a military nuclear capability."

“We must assume that, with each test or launch, DPRK continues to make technological advances in its pursuit of a military nuclear capability.

“The increase in and nature of these activities pose an ever growing threat to regional security and the global non-proliferation regime.”

Through the resolution, the 15-nation body is taking additional measures to restrict DPRK’s hard currency revenues, as well as the activities of the country's diplomats and other officials.

All member states will also suspend scientific and technical cooperation with persons or groups officially sponsored by or representing DPRK, except for medical exchanges. 


Image: The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution, condemning the nuclear test conducted by North Korea in September. Photo: courtesy of UN Photo / Rick Bajornas.